SOILS & MOISTURE
Moist woodland soils: Adiantum, Allium, Anemone, Asarum, Chamaelirium, Claytonia, Delphinium, Dennstedtia, Deparia, Dicentra, Diplazium, Enemion, Geranium, Hepatica, Hexastylis, Hydrastis, Maianthemum, Pachysandra, Podophyllum, Polypodium, Sanguinaria, Stylophorum, Tiarella & Trillium
Humusy moist soils all season: Astilbe biternatum, Lilium superbum, Osmunda regalis, Woodwardia
Loamy sandy to gravely organic well drained soils: Hypoxis, Viola hastata & Viola pedata
Native to our deciduous shady forest locations, avoid hot summer sun: Adiantum, Allium, Anemone, Asarum, Astilbe, Chamaelirium, Claytonia, Delphinium, Dennstedtia, Deparia, Dicentra, Diplazium, Enemion, Geranium, Hepatica, Hexastylis, Hydrastis, Maianthemum, Osmunda, Pachysandra, Podophyllum, Polypodium Sanguinaria, Stylophorum, Tiarella, Trillium, Viola hastata & Woodwardia
Very light shade to part sun: Lilium superbum
Full sun to very light shade: Hypoxis & Viola pedata
When planting, water deeply & lightly cover with ½-1” compost or a very light humusy soil mix. For best success, ensure even moisture during spring growth. It is also STRONGLY advised to cover the newly planted plants with ½” hardware cloth or hex wire to prevent vermin from digging them up.
Crowns 1-2” deep with the sticks – leaves vertical: Adiantum, Allium, Astilbe, Dennstedtia, Deparia, Diplazium, Osmunda
~2-3” deep: Claytonia, Delphinium, Dicentra, Enemion, Hydrastis, Hypoxis, Stylophorum
Horizontally, growing tips facing up and outward, ~3” deep: Anemone, Asarum, Geranium, Maianthemum, Pachysandra, Podophyllum, Sanguinaria, Trillium
6-8” deep, on their ‘sides’ with growth tips (if you can find them) outward: Lilium
Plant with their roots firmly planted in moist humusy loam with the crowns at the surface with just a bit of compost over them. Don’t cover the evergreen foliage. Chamaelirium, Hepatica, Hexastylis, Tiarella, Woodwardia
Special Care: Polypodium is planted in on very well drained yet moist substrate of non-alkaline gravel, mulch and humusy soil. Secure it in place with a mesh stapled to the ground with terra staples.